Extending the Compatibility of the SP3 Paramagnetic Bead Processing Approach for Proteomics

J Proteome Res. 2018 Apr 6;17(4):1730-1740. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00913. Epub 2018 Mar 27.


The diversity in protein and peptide biochemistry necessitates robust protocols and reagents for efficiently handling and enriching these molecules prior to analysis with mass spectrometry (MS) or other techniques. Further exploration of the paramagnetic bead-based approach, single-pot solid-phase-enhanced sample preparation (SP3), is carried out toward updating and extending previously described conditions and experimental workflows. The SP3 approach was tested in a wide range of experimental scenarios, including (1) binding solvents (acetonitrile, ethanol, isopropanol, acetone), (2) binding pH (acidic vs neutral), (3) solvent/lysate ratios (50-200%, v/v), (4) mixing and rinsing conditions (on-rack vs off-rack rinsing), (5) Enrichment of nondenatured proteins, and (6) capture of individual proteins from noncomplex mixtures. These results highlight the robust handling of proteins in a broad set of scenarios while also enabling the development of a modified SP3 workflow that offers extended compatibility. The modified SP3 approach is used in quantitative in-depth proteome analyses to compare it with commercial paramagnetic bead-based HILIC methods (MagReSyn) and across multiple binding conditions (e.g., pH and solvent during binding). Together, these data reveal the extensive quantitative coverage of the proteome possible with SP3 independent of the binding approach utilized. The results further establish the utility of SP3 for the unbiased handling of peptides and proteins for proteomic applications.

Keywords: HILIC; SP3; mass spectrometry; protein cleanup.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Magnetics
  • Microspheres
  • Peptides / analysis
  • Protein Binding
  • Proteins / analysis
  • Proteome / analysis
  • Proteomics / methods*
  • Research Design
  • Solvents
  • Specimen Handling / methods*


  • Peptides
  • Proteins
  • Proteome
  • Solvents