Background: Triptans are commonly used to treat migraine headaches, but data on the long-term safety of these medications during pregnancy are sparse. Triptans have a biologically plausible mechanism for effects on the fetal brain through binding to 5-HT1 -receptors, and previous studies show increased risks of externalising behaviour problems in toddlers exposed to triptans during pregnancy.
Methods: We included 3784 children in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, whose mothers returned the 5-year-questionnaire and reported a history of migraine or triptan use; 353 (9.3%) mothers reported use of triptans during pregnancy, 1509 (39.9%) reported migraine during pregnancy but no triptan use, and 1922 (50.8%) had migraine prior to pregnancy only. We used linear and log-binomial models with inverse probability weights to examine the association between prenatal triptan exposure and internalising and externalising behaviour, communication, and temperament in 5-year-old children.
Results: Triptan-exposed children scored higher on the sociability trait than unexposed children of mothers with migraine (β 1.66, 95% confidence interval [0.30, 3.02]). We found no other differences in temperament, or increased risk of behaviour or communication problems.
Conclusions: Contrary to results from previous studies in younger children, we found no increased risk of externalising behaviour problems in 5-year-old children exposed to triptans in fetal life. Triptan-exposed children did have slightly more sociable temperaments, but the clinical meaning of this finding is uncertain.
Keywords: MoBa; behaviour; child; neurodevelopment; pregnancy; triptans.
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.