Primary lymphomas of the liver. Report of six cases and review of the literature

Am J Clin Pathol. 1987 Sep;88(3):255-63. doi: 10.1093/ajcp/88.3.255.


Six cases of diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL) of the liver were studied with immunohistochemistry for common leukocyte antigen (CLA), lysozyme, alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT), and kappa and lambda light chains on paraffin-embedded tissues. All six cases were positive for CLA. Four of the six cases showed staining for lysozyme and AAT (three focal and one diffuse staining). In three cases, frozen tissue for monoclonal antibodies and glutaraldehyde-fixed tissue for electron microscopic examination were available. Two of these showed B-cell phenotypes with monoclonal antibody studies. Electron microscopic examination on these two B-cell lymphomas showed scant cytoplasm and a paucity of cytoplasmic organelles. The third case did not show definite B- or T-cell surface markers but did show strong Leu-M1 and OKM1 staining. Electron microscopic examination of the tumor cells showed a prominent Golgi apparatus, abundant cytoplasm with numerous cytoplasmic organelles and phagolysosomes. However, DNA hybridization studies on this tumor showed immunoglobulin heavy and kappa light chain gene rearrangements typical of a B-cell lymphoma. All six lymphomas were solitary liver masses without evidence of disease elsewhere. The mean age for the six patients was 56.2 years (four males, two females).

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis
  • B-Lymphocytes / analysis
  • B-Lymphocytes / ultrastructure
  • Female
  • Histocompatibility Antigens / analysis
  • Humans
  • Leukocyte Common Antigens
  • Liver Neoplasms / analysis
  • Liver Neoplasms / chemically induced
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / analysis
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / chemically induced
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology*
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Proteins / analysis
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology
  • Occupational Diseases / chemically induced
  • Organoids / ultrastructure
  • Uterine Neoplasms


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Histocompatibility Antigens
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Leukocyte Common Antigens