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Review
. 2018 Apr;30(2):98-110.
doi: 10.1007/s00064-018-0540-1. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

[Surgical Therapy of Ischiofemoral Impingement by Lateralizing Intertrochanteric Osteotomy]

[Article in German]
Affiliations
Review

[Surgical Therapy of Ischiofemoral Impingement by Lateralizing Intertrochanteric Osteotomy]

[Article in German]
C Suren et al. Oper Orthop Traumatol. .

Abstract

Objective: Lateralizing, derotating intertrochanteric varus osteotomy to increase the ischiofemoral space to counter painful impingement of the lesser trochanter and the os ischium with resulting entrapment of quadratus femoris muscle.

Indications: Symptomatic ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) caused by Coxa valga et antetorta, Coxa valga or Coxa antetorta, or a short femoral neck.

Contraindications: Anatomic configuration suggestive of IFI in asymptomatic patients. Symptomatic IFI caused by another underlying pathology. Valgus deformity of the knee.

Surgical technique: Measurement of femoral antetorsion. Planning of the osteotomy, lateralization, varus angle for correction, rotation and offset correction, leg length change, and osteosynthesis plate. General or spinal anesthesia in supine or lateral position. Skin incision (15 cm) beginning lateral of the greater trochanter tip, distally along the axis of the femur. Preparation onto the femur by L‑shaped dissection of the vastus lateralis from the bone. A Kirschner(K-)wire is then positioned along the anterior femoral neck to designate the femoral neck antetorsion. A triangle set on the lateral femoral cortexis is used to determine the osteotomy angle. In the thus determined angle, a second K‑wire is shot centrally along the femoral neck axis just inferior to its cranial cortex. About 5 mm distal to the second wire, the entry for the blade is prepared using a drill. Using the blade setting instrument, the blade is introduced into the femoral neck, then slightly pulled back. The rotation is then marked on the anterior femoral cortex proximal and distal to the planned osteotomy and the osteotomy is performed. A blade plate without displacement is impacted. The osteotomy is then reduced, the distal fragment pulled laterally onto the plate, and the screws inserted after compression of the osteotomy with a tension device.

Postoperative management: Touch-toe bearing for 6 weeks, then radiological assessment of osteotomy healing before an increase in weight bearing (15 kg/week). Hip flexion limited to 90° for 6 weeks. Elective implant removal after 12-18 months.

Results: Studies of this lateralizing varus osteotomy have not been published. The 25-year results of the conventional derotating intertrochanteric varus osteotomy technique show good functional results and low complication rates, with non-union being the most common. Arthroscopic resection of the lesser trochanter has been reported as a surgical alternative in the treatment of IFI in case reports and small series. Advantages of the osteotomy are the restoration of biomechanics and preservation of iliopsoas tendon insertion.

Keywords: Coxa valga; Femoral neck; Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome; Hip joint; Surgical technique.

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