Proactive Infliximab Monitoring Following Reactive Testing is Associated With Better Clinical Outcomes Than Reactive Testing Alone in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

J Crohns Colitis. 2018 Jun 28;12(7):804-810. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjy039.


Background and aims: Reactive testing has emerged as the new standard of care for managing loss of response to infliximab in inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. Recent data suggest that proactive infliximab monitoring is associated with better therapeutic outcomes in IBD. Nevertheless, there are no data regarding the clinical utility of proactive infliximab monitoring after first reactive testing. We aimed to evaluate long-term outcomes of proactive infliximab monitoring following reactive testing compared with reactive testing alone in patients with IBD.

Methods: This was a retrospective multicenter cohort study of consecutive IBD patients on infliximab maintenance therapy receiving a first reactive testing between September 2006 and January 2015. Patients were divided into two groups; Group A [proactive infliximab monitoring after reactive testing] and Group B [reactive testing alone]. Patients were followed through December 2015. Time-to-event analysis for treatment failure and IBD-related surgery and hospitalization was performed. Treatment failure was defined as drug discontinuation due to either loss of response or serious adverse event.

Results: The study population consisted of 102 [n = 70, 69% with CD] patients [Group A, n = 33 and Group B, n = 69] who were followed for (median, interquartile range [IQR]) 2.7 [1.4-3.8] years. Multiple Cox regression analysis identified proactive following reactive TDM as independently associated with less treatment failure (hazard ratio [HR] 0.15; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.05-0.51; p = 0.002) and fewer IBD-related hospitalizations [HR: 0.18; 95% CI 0.05-0.99; p = 0.007].

Conclusions: This study showed that proactive infliximab monitoring following reactive testing was associated with greater drug persistence and fewer IBD-related hospitalizations than reactive testing alone.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / drug therapy*
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / surgery
  • Crohn Disease / drug therapy*
  • Crohn Disease / surgery
  • Drug Monitoring / methods*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Infliximab / therapeutic use*
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Failure


  • Gastrointestinal Agents
  • Infliximab