Point-of-care Ultrasound Versus Auscultation in Determining the Position of Double-Lumen Tube

Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(13):e9311. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009311.

Abstract

This study was designed to assess the accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound in determining the position of double-lumen tubes (DLTs).A total of 103 patients who required DLT intubation were enrolled into the study. After DLTs were tracheal intubated in the supine position, an auscultation researcher and ultrasound researcher were sequentially invited in the operating room to conduct their evaluation of the DLT. After the end of their evaluation, fiberscope researchers (FRs) were invited in the operating room to evaluate the position of DLT using a fiberscope. After the patients were changed to the lateral position, the same evaluation process was repeated. These 3 researchers were blind to each other when they made their conclusions. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were obtained by statistical analysis.When left DLTs (LDLTs) were used, the accuracy of ultrasound (84.2% [72.1%, 92.5%]) was higher than the accuracy of auscultation (59.7% [45.8%, 72.4%]) (P < .01). When right DLTs (RDLTs) were used, the accuracy of ultrasound (89.1% [76.4%, 96.4%]) was higher than the accuracy of auscultation (67.4% [52.0%, 80.5%]) (P < .01). When LDLTs were used in the lateral position, the accuracy of ultrasound (75.4% [62.2%, 85.9%]) was higher than the accuracy of auscultation (54.4% [40.7%, 67.6%]) (P < .05). When RDLT were used, the accuracy of ultrasound (73.9% [58.9%, 85.7%]) was higher than the accuracy of auscultation (47.8% [32.9%, 63.1%]) (P < .05).Assessment via point-of-care ultrasound is superior to auscultation in determining the position of DLTs.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Auscultation / methods*
  • Body Height
  • Body Mass Index
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intubation, Intratracheal / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Point-of-Care Systems*
  • Posture
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sex Factors
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Ultrasonography / methods*