The role of 3D-printing technology in the diagnosis of Eagle syndrome: A case report

Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(13):e9989. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009989.


Rationale: Eagle syndrome is a rare clinical condition that can be associated with elongation of the styloid process.

Patient concern: A 55-year-old man was presented with vague throat discomfort for several years.

Diagnosis: 3-dimentional (3D) computed tomography (CT) reconstruction, and printing revealed bilateral elongated styloid processes.

Interventions: The patient has been treated medically, and continues to demonstrate improvement with conservative treatment for 2 years.

Outcome: We report usefulness of 3D CT and 3D printing technology for diagnosis of Eagle syndrome.

Lessons: 3D CT reconstruction, and printing are beneficial in determining appropriate surgical strategy, and allowing the physician to better explain the lesion, and surgical details to patients.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ossification, Heterotopic / diagnosis*
  • Printing, Three-Dimensional*
  • Temporal Bone / abnormalities*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*

Supplementary concepts

  • Eagle syndrome