Impact of Fitness Status on the Optically Measured Hemodynamic Indexes

J Healthc Eng. 2018 Jan 9:2018:1674931. doi: 10.1155/2018/1674931. eCollection 2018.

Abstract

The physiological characteristics of skin blood flow can be described in terms of the hemodynamic indices (HI). The HI is derived from the laser speckle characteristics, which are governed by the cutaneous blood flow. A miniaturized dynamic light-scattering sensor was used to measure the speckle pattern from the finger root. Three groups of subjects from 15 to 25 years of age were tested. The first group included subjects who are actively engaged in sport activities; the second group included subjects with low level of physical activity; and the third group included healthy controls with moderate physical activity. The HI parameters were measured prior to and after the performance of a determined physical load. As a marker of cardiovascular fitness (CVF), we used the postload decay rate of HI. We found that the hemodynamic response to the physical load provides a statistically significant correlation with the postload heart rate decay. It was also found that postocclusion increase of the arterial HI is more prominent in the group with higher physical activity. These results indicate that hemodynamic indices can be used as an additional marker for cardiovascular fitness level.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Dynamic Light Scattering / methods*
  • Hemodynamics / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*
  • Pulse
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Skin / blood supply
  • Young Adult