[Risk factors for adverse course of gastric and duodenal peptic ulcer]

Wiad Lek. 2018;71(1 pt 2):160-164.
[Article in Russian]


Objective: Introduction: High morbidity rate, frequent relapses, and significant economic losses give reasons for highlighting the peptic ulcer disease as the most topical medical-statistical problem. The aim of the study is to assess the influence of the main risk factors on the course of gastric and duodenal peptic ulcer.

Patients and methods: Materials and methods: We formed up the risk groups consisted of patients with 12 modified (4) and regular (8) factors, each characterized with its own signs and gradations. We performed the quantitative evaluation of the factors and scored the signs thereof, the results of which were used for determination of the most informative ones.

Results: Results: Among the regular factors, we placed emphasis on gender, age, burdened heredity, and 0(I), Rh+ blood type. The risk of peptic ulcer in hereditary tainted young men of the working age with parental lineage (+2.3) and in males with 0(I) Rh+ blood type (+1.4) was proved. Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is a key contributor (a predictor of) to severity of the disease course (+9.7) among the modified risk factors. Negative effect of a concomitant pathology (+5.0), including hepatobiliary lesions (+3.8), hypertension (+4.0), and diabetes mellitus (+1.3) is also significant. Diet violation (+3.7), tobacco smoking (+3.2) and stress (+3.0) were ranked third.

Conclusion: Conclusions: The results of quantitative evaluation of the factors scoring suggest of the underlying H.pylori infection (the significance of which is growing along with the growth of the disease incidence) and irrational diet as the most informatively important ones. We have established the direct dependence between the most important peptic ulcer risk factors, severity of the disease, and duration and periodicity of treatment thereof.

Keywords: gastric and duodenal peptic ulcer; risk factors.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Group Antigens
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Duodenal Ulcer / epidemiology
  • Duodenal Ulcer / etiology*
  • Female
  • Helicobacter Infections / complications*
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Humans
  • Hypertension
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Ulcer / epidemiology
  • Stomach Ulcer / etiology*


  • Blood Group Antigens