Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists lower blood glucose in type 2 diabetes (T2D) partially through glucose-dependent stimulation of insulin secretion. The aim of this study was to investigate whether beta-cell function (as measured by HOMA2-%B) at baseline affects the glycaemic response to dulaglutide. Dulaglutide-treated patients from AWARD-1, AWARD-3 and AWARD-6 clinical studies were categorised based on their homeostatic model assessment of beta-cell function (HOMA2-%B) tertiles. Changes in glycaemic measures in response to treatment with once-weekly dulaglutide were evaluated in each HOMA2-%B tertile. Patients with low HOMA2-%B had higher baseline glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting and postprandial blood glucose, and longer duration of diabetes (P < .001, all) (mean low, middle and high tertiles with dulaglutide 1.5 mg: HOMAB-2%B, 31%, 58%, 109%; HbA1c, 8.7%, 7.7%, 7.3%, respectively). At 26 weeks, the low tertile experienced larger reductions in HbA1c compared to the high tertile with dulaglutide 1.5 mg (mean; -1.55% vs. -0.98% [-16.94 vs. -10.71 mmol/mol]). Differences between low and high tertiles disappeared when adjusted for baseline HbA1c (LSM; -1.00 vs. -1.18% [-10.93 vs. -12.90 mmol/mol]). Greater decreases in fasting blood glucose and greater increases in fasting C-peptide were observed in the low tertile. Similar increases in HOMA2-%B were observed in all tertiles. Dulaglutide demonstrated clinically relevant HbA1c reduction irrespective of estimated baseline beta-cell function.
Keywords: GLP-1 receptor agonist; beta-cell function; dulaglutide; type 2 diabetes.
© 2018 The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.