Robotics in Orthopedics: A Brave New World

J Arthroplasty. 2018 Aug;33(8):2355-2357. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2018.02.032. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

Abstract

Future health-care projection projects a significant growth in population by 2020. Health care has seen an exponential growth in technology to address the growing population with the decreasing number of physicians and health-care workers. Robotics in health care has been introduced to address this growing need. Early adoption of robotics was limited because of the limited application of the technology, the cumbersome nature of the equipment, and technical complications. A continued improvement in efficacy, adaptability, and cost reduction has stimulated increased interest in robotic-assisted surgery. The evolution in orthopedic surgery has allowed for advanced surgical planning, precision robotic machining of bone, improved implant-bone contact, optimization of implant placement, and optimization of the mechanical alignment. The potential benefits of robotic surgery include improved surgical work flow, improvements in efficacy and reduction in surgical time. Robotic-assisted surgery will continue to evolve in the orthopedic field.

Keywords: arthroplasty; healthcare innovations; instrumentation; robotic assisted surgery; robotics.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty / economics
  • Arthroplasty / trends*
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Orthopedic Procedures
  • Orthopedics / trends*
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures / trends*
  • Robotics / economics
  • Robotics / trends*