Older Adult Normative Data for the Sniffin' Sticks Odor Identification Test

Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2019 Mar 1;34(2):254-258. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acy021.


Objective: The current study establishes normative Sniffin' Sticks Odor Identification Test (SS-OIT) scores for cognitively intact older adults.

Method: Two hundred and twenty-six cognitively normal older adults were identified as eligible for the current study (Mean Age = 70.49 years; 71.7% female). Important demographic covariates were identified using step-wise regression, and a normative regression equation was developed.

Results: Analyses of the effects of demographic variables (including age, education, and sex) on SS-OIT performance revealed that age was the only significant predictor, b = -0.07, SEb = .01, p < .01. A final regression equation was determined and normative data are reported in 5-year increments for a number of percentile ranks.

Conclusions: Normative performance on the SS-OIT for adults over the age of 50 was established in a large and demographically diverse sample. These data are needed in order for clinicians to be able to include olfactory testing, a sensitive marker of neurodegeneration, in their assessment armamentarium.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Odorants*
  • Olfaction Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Reference Values
  • Smell / physiology*