Family allocentrism and its relation to adjustment among Chinese and Italian adolescents

Psychiatry Res. 2018 Dec:270:954-960. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.03.036. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Abstract

Family allocentrism is a domain-specific collectivistic attribute referring to the family. This research tested the one-factor structure of the Family Allocentrism Scale (FAS), examined the association between family allocentrism and adjustment outcomes, and compared the factor means and the correlations with adjustment between Chinese and Italian adolescents. To this end, 484 Chinese and 480 Italian adolescents participated in the study by answering a battery of self-report measures. The results confirmed the one-factor structure of the FAS. Family allocentrism was related to a number of adjustment outcomes. More importantly, Chinese adolescents reported more family allocentrism than their Italian counterparts did, but the relations between family allocentrism and adjustment outcomes were equivalent in magnitude between the two samples. Collectively, these findings provide crucial evidence for the psychometric properties of the FAS and shed light on the importance of family allocentrism in promoting positive youth development from a cross-cultural perspective.

Keywords: Adolescent development; Family; Idiocentrism-allocentrism; Individualism-collectivism; Maladjustment; Multi-group factor analysis alignment.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / psychology*
  • Asian People / psychology
  • China
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Family Relations / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / standards*
  • Psychometrics
  • Social Adjustment*
  • White People / psychology