Cyclic di-AMP (c-di-AMP) is an important second messenger in bacteria. In most Firmicutes, the molecule is required for growth in complex media but also toxic upon accumulation. In an article on their current study, Zarrella and coworkers present a suppressor analysis of a Streptococcus pneumoniae strain that is unable to degrade c-di-AMP (T. M. Zarrella, D. W. Metzger, and G. Bai, J Bacteriol 200:e00045-18, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.00045-18). Their study identifies new links between c-di-AMP and potassium homeostasis and supports the hypothesis that c-di-AMP serves as a second messenger to report about the intracellular potassium concentrations.
Keywords: Streptococcus pneumoniae; diadenylate cyclase; phosphodiesterase; potassium uptake; second messenger.
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