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, 6 (3), 493-497
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Physiotherapy Effects in Gait Speed in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis

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Physiotherapy Effects in Gait Speed in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis

Klejda Tani et al. Open Access Maced J Med Sci.

Abstract

Background: Knee osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease, known as the most common cause of difficulty walking in older adults and subsequently is associated with slow walking. Also one of the main symptoms is a degenerative and mechanics type of pain. Pain is very noticeable while walking in rugged terrain, during ascent and descent of stairs, when changing from sitting to standing position as well as staying in one position for a long time. Many studies have shown that the strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle can affect gait, by improving or weakening it. Kinesio Tape is a physiotherapeutic technique, which reduces pain and increases muscular strength by irritating the skin receptors.

Aim: The aims of this study was first to verify if the application of Kinesio Tape on quadriceps femoris muscle increases gait speed in patients with knee osteoarthritis and secondly if applying Kinesio Tape on quadriceps femoris muscle reduces pain while walking.

Method: Seventy-four patients with primary knee osteoarthritis, aged 50 - 73 years, participated in this study. Firstly we observed the change of gait speed, while walking for 10 meters at normal speed for each patient, before, one day and three days after the application of Kinesio Tape on quadriceps femoris muscle, with the help of the 10 - meter walk test. Secondly, we observed the change of pain, while walking for 10 meters at normal speed for each patient, before, one day and three days after the application, with the help of Numerical Pain Rating Scale - NRS.

Results: Our results indicated that there was a significant increase in gait speed while walking for 10 meters one day and also three days after application of Kinesio Tape on quadriceps femoris muscle. Also, there was a significant reduction of pain level 1 and 3 days after application of Kinesio Tape, compared to the level of pain before its application.

Conclusions: Our results indicated that there was a significant decrease in pain and increase of gait speed while walking for 10 meters. Kinesio Tape can be used in patients with knee osteoarthritis, especially when changing walking stereotypes is a long-term goal of the treatment.

Keywords: 10 - meter walk test; Gait; Gait speed; Kinesio Tape; Knee osteoarthritis; Pain; Rehabilitation.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Age distribution histogram of patients
Figure 2
Figure 2
Comparison of gait speed in seconds before the application of KT (10MWT Before KT), one day after the application of KT (10 MWT 1 D After KT) and three days after the application of KT (10 MWT 3 D After KT) on quadriceps femoris muscle
Figure 3
Figure 3
Comparison of pain level results according to NRS before KT (NRS before KT), one day after KT (NRS 1D after KT) and three days after KT (NRS 3D After KT) application on quadriceps femoris muscle

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