Epicanthal Restoration Surgery with Scar Excision in Severe Epicanthal Scar

Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2018 Jun;42(3):839-846. doi: 10.1007/s00266-017-1023-8. Epub 2018 Apr 2.


Background: Medial epicanthoplasty is a common aesthetic surgery in Asia to remove the epicanthal fold. With increasing use of this surgery, unsatisfactory results have grown. Several methods have been developed to correct it. However, there are limitations in restoration if the patient has a severe scar or does not have enough skin for reconstruction. By aggressively removing scar tissue, the authors present a better reverse redraping epicanthoplasty.

Methods: The procedure was performed on 512 patients who had complications of medial epicanthoplasty from May 2011 to October 2015. The mean age was 31.3 years. Those who had already undergone reconstruction were 15.4% (n = 79). Of these, 68 patients received a V-Y flap and the rest had V-Y modification surgery. After the design, the skin-muscle flap was dissected and elevated. The upper and lower eyelid skin was pulled medially. The previous scar tissue was widely excised while removing skin excess, and the new epicanthal fold was created without a rectangular shape.

Results: The mean interepicanthal distance has been increased from 32.8 to 36.6 mm. The mean lengthening effect is 3.8 mm. Lacrimal lake exposure, fierce and narrow appearance, and incomplete medial eyelid closure were improved.

Conclusions: Medial epicanthoplasty is a common cosmetic surgery in the Asian population. A demand for an effective reconstructive method has grown in association with higher complication rates. The authors have better results to make a natural epicanthal fold through aggressive scar removal in the reverse redraping epicanthoplasty.

Level of evidence iv: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

Keywords: Medial epicanthoplasty; Reconstruction; Skin redraping method.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asian People
  • Blepharoplasty / adverse effects*
  • Blepharoplasty / methods
  • Cicatrix / etiology
  • Cicatrix / surgery*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Esthetics
  • Eyelids / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Reoperation / methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Surgery, Plastic / methods*
  • Surgical Flaps / transplantation*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult