Managing Glenoid Bone Deficiency-The Augment Experience in Anatomic and Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2018 Mar;47(3). doi: 10.12788/ajo.2018.0014.


Glenoid bone deficiency in the setting of shoulder replacement surgery is far more common than originally reported. The frequency and severity of the glenoid defects are noted to be more common and severe with the advent of computer-assisted surgery. The results of an anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) with glenoid deficiency have been reported to be inferior to aTSA patients without a glenoid deficiency. Options for treating the glenoid deficiency include eccentric reaming, bone grafting, and the use of augmented glenoid components. The purpose of this article is to present the indications, technique, and results of augmented glenoids for both aTSA and reverse TSA (RTSA). Augments for both aTSA and RTSA are viable options. They preserve subchondral bone at the same time as optimizing the joint line without the need for bone grafts. Complications, revisions and results are as good as compared to shoulder arthroplasties without glenoid wear.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder*
  • Bone Resorption / surgery*
  • Bone Transplantation / methods
  • Bone and Bones / surgery
  • Glenoid Cavity / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Joint Diseases / surgery*
  • Joint Prosthesis
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Scapula / surgery
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery*