Factors that predict improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction after coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction

Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. Nov-Dec 1987;13(6):372-80. doi: 10.1002/ccd.1810130603.

Abstract

Acute and follow-up angiograms were analyzed in 75 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with emergency coronary angioplasty to determine factors that might predict improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction. Ejection fraction improved 8.4 +/- 8.2% in 60 patients who maintained patent infarct vessels at follow-up angiography, compared with -4.1 +/- 6.0% in 15 patients who developed reocclusion (p less than .001). In patients with patent infarct vessels, univariate analysis revealed the following significant predictors of improvement in ejection fraction: initial ejection fraction (r = -.38, p less than .003) subtotal vs total stenosis (12.9 +/- 9.3% vs 6.9 +/- 7.3%, p less than .02), infarct vessel (left anterior descending 11.0 +/- 8.4%, right 6.8 +/- 6.4%, circumflex 2.6 +/- 7.5%, p less than .02), and time to follow-up study (less than or equal to 15 days vs greater than 15 days) (4.8 +/- 5.8% vs 9.8 +/- 8.6%, p less than .03). Reperfusion time (less than or equal to 2 hr vs greater than 2 hr) predicted improvement when subtotal stenoses and stuttering infarctions were excluded (10.6 +/- 7.0% vs 4.9 +/- 6.9, p less than .03). Multivariate analysis showed initial ejection fraction and subtotal vs total stenosis to be independent predictors. Patients with anterior infarctions, low initial ejection fractions, and subtotal stenoses or reperfusion times less than or equal to 2 hr are likely to benefit most from coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angioplasty, Balloon*
  • Cardiac Output*
  • Collateral Circulation
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction*
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnostic imaging
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Prognosis
  • Streptokinase / administration & dosage
  • Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator / administration & dosage

Substances

  • Streptokinase
  • Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator