The importance of gluten proteins, gliadins and glutenins, is well-known in the quality of wheat products. To gain more specific information about the role of glutenins in wheat dough, the two major subunits of glutenin, high- and low-molecular-weight (HMW and LMW) glutenins, were extracted, isolated, and identified by mass spectrometry. Antibodies for HMW and LMW glutenins were developed using the proteomic information on the characterized glutenin subunits. The antibodies were found to be specific to each subunit by western immunoblots and were then conjugated to quantum dots (QDs) using site-click conjugation, a new method to keep antibody integrity. A fluorescence-link immunosorbent assay tested the successful QD conjugation. The QD-conjugated antibodies were applied to dough samples, where they recognized glutenin subunits and were visualized using a confocal laser scanning microscope.
Keywords: HMW glutenin; LMW glutenin; antibodies; quantum dots; site-click conjugation.