Astragalus membranaceus and Salvia miltiorrhiza Ameliorate Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury in Rats by Regulating the Toll-Like Receptor 4/Nuclear Factor-Kappa B Signaling Pathway

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018 Jan 29:2018:3017571. doi: 10.1155/2018/3017571. eCollection 2018.


Astragalus membranaceus and Salvia miltiorrhiza (AM/SM) are well used in Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM) for nourishing Qi and activating blood circulation method. From TCM theory, the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI) was determined as Qi deficiency and blood stagnation. In this study, we are aiming to investigate the protective and therapeutic effects of AM/SM on a rat model of lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced ALI in rats and to elucidate potential molecular mechanisms. ALI was induced by intratracheal instillation of LPS (5 mg/kg) in Sprague-Dawley rats. SM/AM was given orally before and after LPS administration. Results demonstrated that AM/SM attenuated lung histopathological changes induced by LPS, decreased wet/dry weight ratios and protein concentrations, and inhibited the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in BALF. Moreover, AM/SM significantly downregulated protein and mRNA expression of toll-like receptors 4 (TLR-4), interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-1 (IRAK-1), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB/p65). These findings suggest that AM/SM showed protective and therapeutic effects in LPS-induced ALI rat through modulating TLR-4 signaling pathways. Nourishing Qi and activating blood circulation may be a beneficial treatment for ALI.