Comparison of Contrast-Enhanced Mammography and Contrast-Enhanced Breast MR Imaging

Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2018 May;26(2):259-263. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2017.12.005. Epub 2018 Feb 21.


Contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) is a contrast-enhanced modality for breast cancer detection that utilizes iodinated contrast and dual-energy imaging performed on a digital mammography unit with only slight modifications. It is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, commercially available, and in routine clinical use at centers around the world. It has similar sensitivity and specificity to MR Imaging and has advantages in terms of cost, patient acceptability, and examination time. MR Imaging has some advantages compared with CEM, especially in its ability to image the complete axilla and the chest wall.

Keywords: Breast MR Imaging; Breast cancer detection; Contrast agent; Mammography.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast / diagnostic imaging
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Contrast Media*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Mammography / methods*


  • Contrast Media