The Effect and Safety of Bortezomib in the Treatment of AL Amyloidosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. 2018 Apr;34(2):216-226. doi: 10.1007/s12288-018-0937-x. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Abstract

Bortezomib began to be used in the treatment of light chain (AL) amyloidosis in recent years. We performed the first meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials and clinical controlled trials to evaluate the effect and safety of bortezomib treatment for AL amyloidosis. We conducted a search (until July 2016) in electronic databases (PubMed databases and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials bases from the year 2003). There were 205 records we searched and eight studies was included (n = 617 persons). We demonstrated that bortezomib treatment significantly improved overall response rate (ORR), complete response, a cardiac response rate, 2-year overall survival and the risk of neuropathy and reduced overall mortality compared to controls without bortezomib therapy. From the comparison and subgroup analysis of ORR between bortezomib group and no bortezomib group, the patients with bortezomib had a higher ORR, especially patients pretreated with bortezomib before high-dose melphalan followed by autologous stem cell transplant compared to no pretreatment. In addition, patients with bortezomib in standard dosage had significantly higher ORR. According to our results, bortezomib should be used in AL amyloidosis patients to improve response rate and survival rate and future relevant randomized controlled trials require to be performed.

Keywords: Bortezomib treatment; Effect and safety; Light chain (AL) amyloidosis.