Polysaccharide hydrolase of the hadal zone amphipods Hirondellea gigas

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2018 Jul;82(7):1123-1133. doi: 10.1080/09168451.2018.1459178. Epub 2018 Apr 6.


Hirondellea species are common inhabitants in the hadal region deeper than 7,000 m. We found that Hirondellea gigas thrived in the Challenger Deep possessed polysaccharide hydrolases as digestive enzymes. To obtain various enzymes of other H. gigas, we captured amphipods from the Japan Trench, and Izu-Ogasawara (Bonin) Trench. A phylogenetic analysis based on the cytochrome oxidase I gene showed close relationships among amphipods, despite the geographic distance between the localities. However, several differences in enzymatic properties were observed in these H. gigas specimens. We also carried out RNA sequencing of H. gigas from the Izu-Ogasawara Trench. The cellulase gene of H. gigas was highly homologous to cellobiohydrolase of Glucosyl Hydrolase family 7 (GH7). On the other hand, enzymatic properties of H. gigas's cellulase were different from those of typical GH7 cellobiohydrolase. Thus, these results indicate that hadal-zone amphipod can be good candidates as the new enzyme resource.

Keywords: Hirondellea gigas; amphipod; cellulose; hadal zone; polysaccharide hydrolase.

MeSH terms

  • Amphipoda / classification
  • Amphipoda / enzymology*
  • Amphipoda / genetics
  • Animals
  • Aquatic Organisms
  • Cellulase / genetics
  • Cellulase / metabolism
  • Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase / genetics
  • Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase / metabolism
  • Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Mutation
  • Phylogeny
  • Polysaccharides / metabolism*
  • Seawater
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Polysaccharides
  • Hydrolases
  • Cellulase
  • Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase