Treating Congenital Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Contracture

Hand Clin. 2018 May;34(2):237-249. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2017.12.013.


The management of congenital proximal interphalangeal joint deformity, also known as camptodactyly, is challenging. There are numerous theories on the cause of this abnormal finger posture, leading to variations in classification, definition, and treatment approaches. This article assesses the previous literature and provides clarity and guidance for the practical treatment of camptodactyly.

Keywords: Camptodactyly; Congenital; Contracture; Proximal interphalangeal joint.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Contracture / congenital*
  • Contracture / diagnosis
  • Contracture / therapy*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Finger Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Finger Joint / surgery*
  • Hand Deformities, Congenital / classification
  • Hand Deformities, Congenital / diagnostic imaging
  • Hand Deformities, Congenital / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Muscle Stretching Exercises
  • Orthopedic Procedures / methods
  • Physical Examination / methods
  • Postoperative Care
  • Splints