Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors and the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women. Persistent cervical infection by high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is related to cervical cancer. MicroRNAs could regulate autophagy caused by viral infection. The aim of the present study was to investigate the regulation of autophagy by miR-155-5p in cervical cancer. In HPV+ human cervical lesion tissues, miR-155-5p expression was found to be markedly decreased. Compared to C33A cancer cells (HPV-), the miR-155-5p expression was significantly lower in Siha and HeLa cells (HPV+), which are both hrHPV positive. The level of autophagy was higher in C33A cells than in Siha and HeLa cells. In addition, in C33A, Siha and HeLa cervical cancer cells, miR-155-5p overexpression promoted autophagy, whereas miR-155-5p downregulation had the opposite effects. Furthermore, miR-155-5p downregulation suppressed LC3 and promoted P62 protein expression in C33A cells through promoting the PDK1/mTOR pathway, whereas miR-155-5p overexpression recovered LC3 and suppressed P62 protein expression by suppressing PDK1/mTOR signaling. Taken together, our results indicate the importance of miR-155-5p in cervical cancer cells and suggest a novel mechanism of hrHPV in promoting cervical lesions.
Keywords: Cervical cancer; High-risk human papillomavirus; MicroRNA; Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1.
Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.