Comparing predictors of employment in Individual Placement and Support: A longitudinal analysis

Psychiatry Res. 2018 Jun;264:85-90. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.03.050. Epub 2018 Mar 22.


Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based model of supported employment for people with serious mental illness. We assessed the effects and relative contributions of predictors of employment among IPS recipients using measures of baseline client characteristics, local economic context, and IPS fidelity. A recent work history, less time on the Social Security rolls, greater cognitive functioning, and a lower local unemployment rate were associated with greater probability of employment. The ability of the model to discriminate between outcomes was limited, and substantial improvements in our understanding of IPS employment outcomes will require the study of novel client, environmental, and IPS implementation factors.

Keywords: Employment; Employment, supported; Mental health; Mood disorders; Rehabilitation, vocational; Schizophrenia; Social security.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cognition
  • Employment, Supported / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Rehabilitation, Vocational / statistics & numerical data*
  • Social Security / statistics & numerical data
  • Unemployment
  • United States
  • Young Adult