Aim: Different combinations of direct antiviral agents (DAA) lead to high SVR rates in HCV genotype 1 infected patients. However, presence of baseline resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) represents a major risk factor for treatment failure. It is unknown whether choice of treatment based on RASs has the potential to decrease virologic failure rates.
Methods: Population-based sequencing of NS3 and NS5A genes was performed in HCV genotype 1 infected patients at a German university hospital. Treatment was individually selected based on resistance analyses.
Results: In total, 319 patients (50% treatment-experienced and 30% with cirrhosis) were included. With the treatment choice based on the baseline NS3 and NS5A resistance profile SVR rates between 96 and 100% were observed in all subgroups, including treatment-experienced patients with cirrhosis and HCV genotype 1a infected cirrhotic patients.
Conclusions: The choice of treatment based on the RASs status at baseline may be beneficial for optimizing treatment efficacy in patients with HCV genotype 1 infection and risk factors for treatment failure.
Keywords: Hepatitis C virus; RAS; RAV.
Copyright © 2018 Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.