Objective: Yimitasvir phosphate, an inhibitor of nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) replication complex of hepatitis C virus (HCV), was evaluated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel, multiple-dose study.
Methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection were randomized to receive a 7-day course of yimitasvir phosphate at daily doses of 30, 100 or 200 mg or placebo. Antiviral efficacy, resistance profile, pharmacokinetics (PK), safety and tolerability were assessed.
Key findings: The maximal reduction in HCV RNA from baseline was 5.17 log10 IU/ml. However, most patients experienced viral rebound on or before day 3 after yimitasvir treatment was initiated. The PK profile revealed median peak plasma concentrations at 4-12 h postdose and a mean terminal half-life of 14.47-17.09 h, the basis for daily dosing. Steady drug state was achieved following 5 days of daily dosing. The accumulation rate was low (1.29-1.73). There were no significant alterations in vital signs and laboratory findings among all participants.
Conclusions: This study shows that yimitasvir phosphate was well tolerated, and the PK profile supported daily dosing regimens. A 1-week (7-day) treatment course led to a quick and significant reduction in HCV RNA level in this cohort with HCV GT-1 infection.
Keywords: direct-acting antiviral agent; genotype 1; hepatitis C; nonstructural protein 5A; pharmacokinetics.
© 2018 Royal Pharmaceutical Society.