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Review
, 70 (4), 357-362

[Stiff-Person Syndrome and Related Autoantibodies]

[Article in Japanese]
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Review

[Stiff-Person Syndrome and Related Autoantibodies]

[Article in Japanese]
Naoko Matsui et al. Brain Nerve.

Abstract

Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is a disorder characterized by fluctuating muscle rigidity and painful spasms that occur spontaneously or are triggered by diverse stimuli. Partial or segmental forms of the disorder, such as stiff-limb syndrome (SLS) and a more severe disease called progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM), are usually considered within the spectrum of SPS. SPS responds to immunotherapies, and several autoantigens have been identified. Most patients with SPS have a high-titer of antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), the rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and up to 15% have antibodies to the glycine receptor α-subunit. This review explains milestones in defining SPS including autoantibodies.

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