Supporting self-management of asthma through patient education

Br J Nurs. 2018 Apr 12;27(7):396-401. doi: 10.12968/bjon.2018.27.7.396.


Asthma affects people worldwide. In developed countries 1 in 12 individuals suffer from asthma, while in Ireland this ratio is closer to 1 in 10. Managing asthma symptoms and triggers reduces the potential exacerbation of asthmatic attacks. This article identifies the importance of asthma management, triggers, inhaler techniques and self-management for optimal health. Education by nurses and health professionals can make a significant contribution to asthma care and self-management. The purpose of patient education for self-management of asthma is twofold: to raise awareness of effective inhaler technique and to support self-management of asthma triggers for health and symptom control.

Keywords: Asthma; Asthma management and triggers; Inhaler techniques; Long-term conditions; Patient education; Self-management.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Asthma / drug therapy
  • Asthma / epidemiology*
  • Asthma / nursing*
  • Asthma / rehabilitation
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • Ireland / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nebulizers and Vaporizers
  • Patient Compliance
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Preventive Health Services / methods
  • Risk Factors
  • Self-Management / education*
  • Young Adult


  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents