Efficacy of cabazitaxel rechallenge in heavily treated patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer

Eur J Cancer. 2018 Jul:97:41-48. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2018.03.008. Epub 2018 Apr 7.


Background: Treatment option in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) previously treated with docetaxel (DOC), cabazitaxel (CABA) and new hormone therapy (NHT) is limited. Rechallenge with DOC is limited because of cumulative toxicities. This study investigated the activity and safety of CABA rechallenge in mCRPC.

Patients and methods: Clinical data were collected retrospectively in 17 centres in Europe. Eligible patients had undergone rechallenge with cabazitaxel after three previous lines of treatment (DOC, NHT and CABA, in any order). Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Data on toxicities were collected.

Results: A total of 69 of 562 patients (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-1 69%) were rechallenged with CABA (25 mg/m2 q3w, 58%; 20 mg/m2 q3w, 27.5%; other, 14.5%) for 1-10 (median 6) cycles; 76.8% received prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Median radiological or clinical PFS with CABA rechallenge was 7.8 months and 11.9 months with initial CABA therapy. OS was 13.7 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.3-15.7) from the first CABA rechallenge cycle, 59.9 months (47.8-67.1) from the first life-extending therapy in mCRPC and 78.3 months (66.4-90.7) from mCRPC diagnosis. Best clinical benefit was improved (34.3%) or stable (47.8%). Lack of response to rechallenge occurred in 17.9% of patients (3.1% with initial CABA). The level of prostate-specific antigen decreased by ≥ 50% in 24% of patients at rechallenge (71% with initial CABA). There was no grade ≥III peripheral neuropathy or nail disorders.

Conclusions: CABA rechallenge may be a treatment option without cumulative toxicity in heavily pretreated patients with mCRPC who are still fit and had a progression >3 months after the last CABA injections.

Keywords: Cabazitaxel; Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer; Overall survival; Progression-free survival; Rechallenge; Safety; Taxanes.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Prognosis
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant / drug therapy*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant / pathology
  • Retreatment
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Taxoids / therapeutic use*


  • Taxoids
  • cabazitaxel