The Ecuadorian Spanish version of the Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR)

Rheumatol Int. 2018 Apr;38(Suppl 1):147-153. doi: 10.1007/s00296-018-3947-y. Epub 2018 Apr 7.


The Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR) is a new parent/patient reported outcome measure that enables a thorough assessment of the disease status in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We report the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the parent and patient versions of the JAMAR in the Ecuadorian Spanish language. The reading comprehension of the questionnaire was tested in 10 JIA parents and patients. Each participating centre was asked to collect demographic, clinical data and the JAMAR in 100 consecutive JIA patients or all consecutive patients seen in a 6-month period and to administer the JAMAR to 100 healthy children and their parents. The statistical validation phase explored descriptive statistics and the psychometric issues of the JAMAR: the 3 Likert assumptions, floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha, interscale correlations, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (convergent and discriminant validity). A total of 23 JIA patients (17.4% systemic, 17.4% RF negative poly-arthritis, 17.4% RF positive poly-arthritis, and 47.8% other categories) and 23 healthy children were enrolled in the paediatric centre of Guayaquil. The JAMAR components discriminated well healthy subjects from JIA patients. Notably, there is no significant difference between the healthy subjects and their affected peers in the school-related problems variable. All JAMAR components revealed good psychometric performances. In conclusion, the Ecuadorian Spanish version of the JAMAR is a valid tool for the assessment of children with JIA and is suitable for use both in routine clinical practice and clinical research.

Keywords: Disease status; Functional ability; Health-related quality of life; JAMAR; Juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age of Onset
  • Arthritis, Juvenile / diagnosis*
  • Arthritis, Juvenile / physiopathology
  • Arthritis, Juvenile / psychology
  • Arthritis, Juvenile / therapy
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Ecuador
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures*
  • Patients / psychology
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prognosis
  • Psychometrics
  • Quality of Life
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Rheumatology / methods*
  • Translating