Antiplatelet Therapy in Coronary Artery Disease: A Daunting Dilemma

J Clin Med. 2018 Apr 9;7(4):74. doi: 10.3390/jcm7040074.


Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the contemporary standard of care. Such treatment is followed by dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) comprising of aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor. The efficacy of this therapy has been well established but the optimal duration of DAPT remains elusive, and has thus far attracted a prodigious deal of scientific attention. The decision regarding DAPT duration can be clinically challenging in the modern era with the evolution of newer stents, more potent antiplatelet agents, and novel anticoagulant drugs in addition to an older patient population with multiple comorbidities. Major societal guidelines have emphasized comprehensive assessment of ischemic and bleeding risk, in turn recommending individualization of DAPT duration, thus encouraging "shared decision making". The following review is aimed at critically evaluating the available evidence to help make these crucial clinical decisions regarding duration of DAPT and triple therapy.

Keywords: acute coronary syndrome; aspirin; bare metal stent; clopidogrel; coronary artery disease; drug eluting stent; dual antiplatelet therapy; oral anticoagulants; prasugrel; ticagrelor; triple therapy.

Publication types

  • Review