Alternating Hypotropia with Pseudoptosis: A New Phenotype of Congenital Cranial Dysinnervation Disorder

Case Rep Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb 1;9(1):96-101. doi: 10.1159/000485832. eCollection 2018 Jan-Apr.


Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders, also known as CCDDs, are characterized by aberrant innervation to extraocular and facial muscles resulting in unusual forms of incomitant strabismus. Anomalous innervation to extraocular muscles can result in a wide variety of phenotypes causing various clinical conditions such as Duane syndrome, congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles, and Möbius syndrome. We report a case of bilateral dysinnervation disorder causing atypical ocular movements in both eyes as the patient changes fixation from one eye to the other and from right gaze to left gaze that fits with the wider diagnosis of CCDDs.

Keywords: Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders; Cranial nerve miswiring; Ocular synkinesis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports