Exploring the Correlates of Linkage to HIV Medical Care Among Persons Living with HIV Infection (PLWH) in the Deep South: Results and Lessons Learned from the Louisiana Positive Charge Initiative

AIDS Behav. 2018 Aug;22(8):2615-2626. doi: 10.1007/s10461-018-2113-6.


We explored the correlates of linkage to HIV medical care and barriers to HIV care among PLWH in Louisiana. Of the 998 participants enrolled, 85.8% were successfully linked to HIV care within 3 months. The majority of participants were male (66.2%), African American (81.6%), and had limited education (74.4%). Approximately 22% of participants were Black gay and bisexual men. The most common reported barrier to care was lack of transportation (27.1%). Multivariable analysis revealed that compared with Black gay and bisexual men, White gay and bisexual men were significantly more likely to be linked to HIV care (adjusted prevalence ratio, aPR 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.13). Additionally, participants reporting moderate to high levels of stigma at intake (p < 0.05) were significantly more likely to be linked to HIV care compared with those reporting low or no stigma at enrollment. Study findings highlight the continued importance of client-centered interventions and multi-sector collaborations to link PLWH to HIV medical care.

Keywords: Barriers; HIV; HIV care; MSM; South; Stigma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aftercare
  • Bisexuality
  • Black or African American*
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / therapy*
  • Health Services / statistics & numerical data*
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Louisiana
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*
  • Social Stigma*
  • White People*