The adaptive immunity system in bacteria and archaea, Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats, CRISPR-associate (CRISPR/Cas), has been adapted as a powerful gene editing tool and got a broad application in genome research field due to its ease of use and cost-effectiveness. The performance of CRISPR/Cas relies on well-designed single-guide RNA (sgRNA), so a lot of bioinformatic tools have been developed to assist the design of highly active and specific sgRNA. These tools vary in design specifications, parameters, genomes and so on. To help researchers to choose their proper tools, we reviewed various sgRNA design tools, mainly focusing on their on-target efficiency prediction model and off-target detection algorithm.
Keywords: CRISPR; CRISPR/Cas9; Off-target detection; On-target efficiency; SgRNA design.