Current Staging Strategies for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer and Upper Tract Urothelial Cell Carcinoma

Urol Clin North Am. 2018 May;45(2):143-154. doi: 10.1016/j.ucl.2017.12.001.


Please note, the synopsis was used from your supplied original manuscript, and not the accompanying abstract, per journal style: This article discusses current staging strategies in muscle-invasive bladder cancer and upper tract urothelial cell carcinoma. Current staging methods can help identify patients with localized or metastatic disease but are subject to limitations which must be considered.

Keywords: Imaging in bladder cancer; Muscle-invasive bladder cancer; Staging; Upper tract urothelial cell cancer.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Neoplasm Staging / methods*
  • Prognosis
  • Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology*