Intraosseous venous malformation of the zygomatico-orbital complex. Case report and literature review with focus on confusions in vascular lesion terms

Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Jun;22(2):241-247. doi: 10.1007/s10006-018-0691-0. Epub 2018 Apr 13.


Intraosseous vascular malformations (VascM) of the facial skeleton are rare entities, raising difficulties even today in their treatment. We present a case for zygomatic intraosseous venous malformation of traumatic etiology with growth dynamics presentation and a multidisciplinary treatment approach, with intravascular embolization surgical ablation and primary reconstructruction using a titanium patient-specific implant (PSI), and a review of the literature for intraosseous vascular lesions of the facial skeleton focusing on the diagnostic syntagms used by the involved medical personnel, to shed light on the confusions over these terms.

Keywords: Intraosseous venous malformation; Patient-specific implants; Superselective embolisation; Vascular malformations.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Dental Implants
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Male
  • Skull / surgery*
  • Titanium
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Vascular Malformations / diagnostic imaging
  • Vascular Malformations / surgery*


  • Dental Implants
  • Titanium