Efficacy of Various Pretreatments on the Bond Strength of Denture Teeth to Denture Base Resins

Photomed Laser Surg. 2018 Apr;36(4):214-220. doi: 10.1089/pho.2017.4408.

Abstract

Objective: This in vitro study evaluated the shear bond strength (SBS) of heat-cured denture base resin (PMMA) to acrylic resin teeth treated with different pretreatments, especially laser irradiation of different powers (1-4 W).

Materials and methods: The acrylic resin teeth were separated into seven groups (n = 10) for the following different pretreatments: control group (no surface treatment) (G1), grinding with a tungsten carbide bur (G2), sandblasting (G3), and erbium, chromium: yttrium, scandium, gallium, garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser irradiation at 1 W, 2 W, 3 W, 4 W output powers in (G4-7), respectively. Test specimens were produced according to the PMMA manufacturers' instructions and were subjected to a SBS test at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min until fracture. Debonded surfaces were evaluated by a stereomicroscope for the type of failure. SEM (scanning electron microscope) analyses were done to estimate the surface changes of the acrylic resin teeth. The data were submitted using a one-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey-Kramer multiple comparison tests (p = 0.05).

Results: The highest bond strength was obtained in G3, and similar SBS values were considered in other groups, and no significant differences were found among the surface treatments and the control group (p < 0.05). All groups had a high percentage of adhesive failures.

Conclusions: Laser irradiations promote surface topography alterations. However laser irradiation of the adhesive surface was found ineffective. The SBS of acrylic resin teeth to a PMMA denture base material is independent of the surface pretreatments Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation, sandblasting, and grinding with a carbide bur. All the surface treatments provided a similar bond between the acrylic denture base and the teeth.

Keywords: Er,Cr:YSGG laser; acrylic resin; bond strength; denture teeth.

MeSH terms

  • Acrylic Resins
  • Dental Bonding / methods*
  • Dental Etching / methods*
  • Dentures*
  • Humans
  • Lasers, Solid-State / therapeutic use*
  • Low-Level Light Therapy*
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate
  • Tensile Strength / radiation effects*
  • Tungsten Compounds

Substances

  • Acrylic Resins
  • Tungsten Compounds
  • tungsten carbide
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate