Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis

Neurol Clin. 2018 May;36(2):311-337. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2018.01.011.


With specialized care, patients with myasthenia gravis can have very good outcomes. The mainstays of treatment are acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, and immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory therapies. There is good evidence thymectomy is beneficial in thymomatous and nonthymomatous disease. Nearly all of the drugs used for MG are considered "off-label." The 2 exceptions are acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and complement inhibition with eculizumab, which was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for myasthenia gravis. This article reviews the evidence base and provides a framework for the treatment of myasthenia gravis, highlighting recent additions to the literature.

Keywords: Complement inhibition; Immunotherapy; Intravenous immunoglobulin; Myasthenia gravis; Plasma exchange; Prednisone; Pyridostigmine; Thymectomy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Myasthenia Gravis / therapy*
  • Thymectomy / methods


  • Immunosuppressive Agents