The Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System: concurrent validity and reliability in children with cerebral palsy

Dev Med Child Neurol. 2018 Jun;60(6):611-617. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.13751. Epub 2018 Apr 15.

Abstract

Aim: As there is little evidence for concurrent validity of the Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS), this study aimed to determine its concurrent validity and reliability in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP).

Method: After an extensive translation procedure, we applied the German language version to 52 participants with CP (30 males, 22 females, mean age 9y 7mo [SD 4y 2mo]). We correlated (Kendall's tau or Kτ ) the EDACS levels with the Bogenhausener Dysphagiescore (BODS), and the EDACS level of assistance with the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) and the item 'eating' of the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM). We further quantified the interrater reliability between speech and language therapists (SaLTs) and between SaLTs and parents with Kappa (κ).

Results: The EDACS levels correlated highly with the BODS (Kτ =0.79), and the EDACS level of assistance correlated highly with the MACS (Kτ =0.73) and WeeFIM eating item (Kτ =-0.80). Interrater reliability proved almost perfect between SaLTs (EDACS: κ=0.94; EDACS level of assistance: κ=0.89) and SaLTs and parents (EDACS: κ=0.82; EDACS level of assistance: κ=0.89).

Interpretation: The EDACS levels and level of assistance seem valid and showed almost perfect interrater reliability when classifying eating and drinking problems in children and adolescents with CP.

What this paper adds: The Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS) correlates well with a dysphagia score. The EDACS level of assistance proves valid. The German version of EDACS is highly reliable. EDACS correlates moderately to highly with other classification systems.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications*
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Drinking / physiology*
  • Eating / physiology*
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders* / classification
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders* / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology
  • Psychometrics*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Severity of Illness Index