Predictors of Farmers' Market Shopping among People Receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Benefits

Am J Community Psychol. 2018 Jun;61(3-4):488-499. doi: 10.1002/ajcp.12245. Epub 2018 Apr 16.


Promoting use of farmers' markets (FMs) is a promising community-level strategy to increase access to nutritious foods such as fruits and vegetables. Yet, FM shopping among people with Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits remains low. This research examined predictors of FM shopping among SNAP recipients living within 1 mile of a FM. A cross-sectional survey of SNAP participants (N = 270) was conducted in 2015 in Cleveland and East Cleveland, OH, USA. Multinomial regression and zero-truncated Poisson regression analyses were conducted to examine factors associated with FM shopping. Results indicate 48% reported shopping at a FM at least once in the past year, 26% had shopped at a FM before, but not in the last year, and 26% had never shopped at a FM. The multivariable analyses found awareness of FMs and a healthy food incentive program, and four dimensions of healthy food access are significantly associated with FM shopping among SNAP recipients. The food access dimensions included service delivery, spatial-temporal, personal, and social access. Findings highlight modifiable leverage points for improving the reach of FMs among low-income populations.

Keywords: Community interventions; Farmers’ markets, nutrition; Health promotion; Poverty; Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Commerce*
  • Community Networks*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Farmers
  • Female
  • Food Assistance*
  • Food Supply*
  • Fruit / supply & distribution
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ohio
  • Poverty
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vegetables / supply & distribution
  • Young Adult