Meropenem exposures from 15 children (8-17 years old) with cystic fibrosis (CF) acute pulmonary exacerbation were analyzed to define the pharmacodynamic threshold required for a positive response. The primary endpoint was the relative increase in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (↑FEV1) between pre- and posttreatment. Meropenem pharmacodynamic indices (fT > MIC, fAUC/MIC, fCmin/MIC) over the first 24 h were estimated for each participant based on their individual parameter estimates and the isolated pathogen with the highest meropenem MIC. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most common pathogen (n = 11/15). The mean ± SD ↑FEV1 was 18.8% ± 11.3% posttreatment. The mean (range) fT > MIC exposure was 63% (0-100%). An Emax model determined a significant relationship between fT > MIC and ↑FEV1 (r2 = 0.8, P < 0.0004). 65% fT > MIC was a significant predictor of response; the median (25th, 75th %) ↑FEV1 was 28.5% (22.2%, 31.7%) in those patients who achieved above 65% fT > MIC and 7.8% (1.1%, 12.6%) in those at or below 65% fT > MIC (P = 0.001). This is the first study in CF children to link meropenem exposure with a positive response as measured by ↑FEV1. Larger studies are required to confirm this exposure threshold.
Keywords: Antibiotic; Pharmacodynamics; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Pulmonary exacerbation.
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