The chemical synthesis of a bisecting N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc)-containing N-glycan was achieved by a convergent synthetic route through [4+2] and [6+2] glycosylations. This synthetic route reduced the number of reaction steps, although the key glycosylations were challenging in terms of yields and selectivities owing to steric hindrance at the glycosylation site and a lack of neighboring group participation. The yields of these glycosylations were enhanced by stabilizing the oxocarbenium ion intermediate through ether coordination. Glycosyl donor protecting groups were explored in an effort to realize perfect α selectivity by manipulating remote participation. The simultaneous glycosylations of a tetrasaccharide with two disaccharides was investigated to efficiently construct a bisecting GlcNAc-containing N-glycan.
Keywords: convergent synthesis; glycosylation; oligosaccharides; protecting groups; synthesis design.
© 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.