Biotin and pantothenic acid oversupplementation to conditional SLC5A6 KO mice prevents the development of intestinal mucosal abnormalities and growth defects

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2018 Jul 1;315(1):C73-C79. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00319.2017. Epub 2018 Apr 18.


Intestinal absorption of the water-soluble vitamins biotin and pantothenic acid is carrier mediated and involves the sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT; product of the SLC5A6 gene). We recently observed that intestinal-specific (conditional) knockout of the mouse Slc5a6 gene (SMVT-cKO) is associated with growth retardation, the development of spontaneous and severe inflammation, abnormal histology in the large intestine, altered gut permeability, and early death. Our aim in this study was to examine the possibility that biotin and pantothenic acid oversupplementation (BPS) of the SMVT-cKO mice could reverse the above-described abnormalities. BPS was provided in the drinking water to mice before conception, to dams during pregnancy and lactation, and to the SMVT-cKO mice throughout their life. Our findings showed that such a regimen prevents early death, as well as normalizes the growth rate, intestinal integrity, pathology, and inflammation in SMVT-cKO mice. These findings provide clear evidence for a role for biotin and/or pantothenic acid in the maintenance of normal intestinal integrity and health.

Keywords: SMVT; biotin; mucosal inflammation; mucosal integrity; pantothenic acid.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biotin / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Inflammation / metabolism
  • Intestinal Absorption / drug effects
  • Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects*
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Lactation / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Pantothenic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Symporters / metabolism*


  • Symporters
  • biotin transporter
  • Pantothenic Acid
  • Biotin