Clinical evaluation of the plasma levels of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide in elderly patients with heart diseases

J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Jun;36(6):537-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.1988.tb04025.x.


Plasma levels of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were estimated in 69 elderly patients over 60 years of age (mean 76.4 years) with or without heart diseases and in ten young, healthy volunteers (mean 33.0 years) to evaluate the clinical significance of ANP in the elderly. Plasma ANP levels in nine patients without heart diseases were significantly (P less than .01) higher than in the ten young, healthy subjects (mean +/- SD, 46.0 +/- 22.0 vs 22.1 +/- 6.3 pg/mL) and a significant positive correlation was observed between ANP level and age in these subjects (r = 0.60, P less than 0.01). Plasma ANP levels in 60 patients with heart diseases (158.4 +/- 158.5 pg/mL) were significantly (P less than 0.05) greater than in nine patients without heart diseases. Plasma ANP levels in patients with congestive heart failure or atrial fibrillation were 285.8 +/- 185.2 or 223.0 +/- 185.9 pg/mL, respectively; each of these values was significantly (P less than 0.01) higher than in patients without heart diseases. In three patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, plasma ANP levels during atrial fibrillation were three times greater than when atrial fibrillation returned to normal sinus rhythm (377.3 +/- 78.5 vs 101.1 +/- 68.5 pg/mL). These results indicate that plasma ANP levels increase with advancing age, and that increased ANP levels are associated with various heart diseases in elderly subjects, possibly through stretch of the atrial wall.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging / blood
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood*
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / blood*
  • Heart Diseases / classification
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor