The overall function of a multi-domain protein is determined by the functional and structural interplay of its constituent domains. Traditional sequence alignment-based methods commonly utilize domain-level information and provide classification only at the level of domains. Such methods are not capable of taking into account the contributions of other domains in the proteins, and domain-linker regions and classify multi-domain proteins. An alignment-free protein sequence comparison tool, CLAP (CLAssification of Proteins) was previously developed in our laboratory to especially handle multi-domain protein sequences without a requirement of defining domain boundaries and sequential order of domains. Through this method we aim to achieve a biologically meaningful classification scheme for multi-domain protein sequences. In this article, CLAP-based classification has been explored on 5 datasets of multi-domain proteins and we present detailed analysis for proteins containing (1) Tyrosine phosphatase and (2) SH3 domain. At the domain-level CLAP-based classification scheme resulted in a clustering similar to that obtained from an alignment-based method. CLAP-based clusters obtained for full-length datasets were shown to comprise of proteins with similar functions and domain architectures. Our study demonstrates that multi-domain proteins could be classified effectively by considering full-length sequences without a requirement of identification of domains in the sequence.
Keywords: alignment-free method; multi-domain protein; protein classification; sequence classification.
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.