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. 2019 Apr;49(2):505-519.
doi: 10.1111/sltb.12456. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Dimensions of Religion Associated With Suicide Attempt and Suicide Ideation in Depressed, Religiously Affiliated Patients

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Dimensions of Religion Associated With Suicide Attempt and Suicide Ideation in Depressed, Religiously Affiliated Patients

Matthias Jongkind et al. Suicide Life Threat Behav. .

Abstract

There is substantial evidence to support the claim that religion can protect against suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicide. There is also evidence that religion does not always protect against suicidality. More insight is needed into the relationship between suicidal parameters and dimensions of religion. A total of 155 in- and outpatients with major depression from a Christian Mental Health Care institution were included. The following religious factors were assessed: religious service attendance, frequency of prayer, religious salience, type of God representation, and moral objections to suicide (MOS). Multiple regression analyses were computed. MOS have a unique and prominent (negative) association with suicide ideation and the lifetime history of suicide attempts, even after controlling for demographic features and severity of depression. The type of God representation is an independent statistical predictor of the severity of suicide ideation. A positive-supportive God representation is negatively correlated with suicide ideation. A passive-distressing God representation has a positive correlation with suicide ideation. High MOS and a positive-supportive God representation in Christian patients with depression are negatively correlated with suicide ideation. Both are likely to be important markers for assessment and further development of therapeutic strategies.

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