Trace Elements in Marine Sediment and Organisms in the Gulf of Thailand

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Apr 20;15(4):810. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15040810.


This review summarizes the findings from studies of trace element levels in marine sediment and organisms in the Gulf of Thailand. Spatial and temporal variations in trace element concentrations were observed. Although trace element contamination levels were low, the increased urbanization and agricultural and industrial activities may adversely affect ecosystems and human health. The periodic monitoring of marine environments is recommended in order to minimize human health risks from the consumption of contaminated marine organisms.

Keywords: environment; gulf of Thailand; pollution; sediment; trace element.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aquatic Organisms / chemistry*
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Geologic Sediments / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Oceans and Seas*
  • Thailand
  • Trace Elements / analysis*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*


  • Trace Elements
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical