Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the 5-year clinical follow-up of the HYBRID (Hybrid Revascularization for Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease) trial.
Background: The HYBRID trial, the only randomized study involving thorough analysis of outcome after the 2 procedures, suggested that hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) is feasible in selected patients with multivessel coronary disease referred for conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). There are currently no long-term outcome data from randomized trials in this setting.
Methods: A total of 200 patients with multivessel coronary disease referred for conventional surgical revascularization were randomly assigned to undergo HCR or CABG. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of all-cause mortality at 5 years.
Results: Nine patients (4 in HCR and 5 in CABG group) were lost to the 5-year follow-up. Finally, 191 patients (94 in HCR and 97 in CABG group) formed the basis of this study. The groups were well balanced in terms of pre-procedural characteristics. All-cause mortality at 5-year follow-up was similar in the 2 groups (6.4% for HCR vs. 9.2% for CABG; p = 0.69). The rates of myocardial infarction (4.3% vs. 7.2%; p = 0.30), repeat revascularization (37.2% vs. 45.4%; p = 0.38), stroke (2.1% vs. 4.1%; p = 0.35), and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (45.2% vs. 53.4%; p = 0.39) were also similar in the 2 groups.
Conclusions: HCR has similar 5-year all-cause mortality when compared with conventional coronary bypass grafting (Safety and Efficacy Study of Hybrid Revascularization in Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease; NCT01035567).
Keywords: coronary artery bypass graft; hybrid revascularization; multivessel coronary artery disease; percutaneous coronary intervention.
Copyright © 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.